Uxmal is one of the ancient Maya cities located in Merida, State of Yucatan. Its architecture is very impressive, characterized by low horizontal palaces set around courtyards, which are decorated with sculptures and paintings. If you are planning a cultural trip to Mexico, Uxmal undoubtedly worth a visit.
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Uxmal was built in many different phases and this is reflected in the numerous architectonical styles used in the structures. The name in Maya language means "Built Three Times" and it refers to the construction of its highest structure, the Pyramid of the Magician. The western stairway of this pyramid faces the setting sun at summer solstice.
Its main development was between the 7th and the 10th century A.D., and it is believed that Uxmal collaborated politically and economically with Chichen Itza. This alliance made possible for Uxmal to rule over all of northern Maya areas until the alliance was broken around the year 1200 A.D.
Uxmal ruins are one of the best restored and maintained of Yucatan. The structures are built with well-cut stones set into a core of concrete. The elegance and beauty of the architecture in Uxmal is only compared to the ancient city of Palenque.
Since it is so well preserved, you will get a clear idea of how a ceremonial centre looked like in ancient times. It takes a few hours to completely explore the entire site, and you can always hire a local guide to get specific information about the history and the myths of this spectacular ancient city.
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